экономика: криптографическая рыночная стоимость - цена, историческая высота, диаграмма - Афганистан - Каталог русского мира

экономика: криптографическая рыночная стоимость - цена, историческая высота, диаграмма

  • 2021-12-31Дата сбора
  • 2022-02-15Обновлено
экономика: криптографическая рыночная стоимость - цена, историческая высота, диаграмма
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  • Описание сайта:рейтинг рыночной стоимости шифрования в реальном масштабе времени, исторические цены, диаграммы, исторические точки, данные о поставках и Подробнее о шифровании верхнего уровня валют, таких как биты (BTC) и ETH.

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интернет сайт:экономика: криптографическая рыночная стоимость - цена, историческая высота, диаграммаВес

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интернет сайт:экономика: криптографическая рыночная стоимость - цена, историческая высота, диаграммаIP

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интернет сайт:экономика: криптографическая рыночная стоимость - цена, историческая высота, диаграммасодержание

/*GlobalDeltaColor*/:root{--delta:hsla(158,100%,44%,1);--delta-hsl:158,100%,54%;--delta-h:158;}Nomics:CryptoMarketCaps-Prices,All-TimeHighs,ChartsthelargestcryptoindexAssetsExchangesConverterWatchlistMore...AdvertiseAPIKeySearchAPIKeymenu1D1D1W1M1YYTD🌎TheWorldx27;slargestIndexofCryptoassets.Getlisted→USDAdvertiseHere⭐️WatchlistAllCryptoCategoryBlockchainTopCryptocurrenciesbyMarketCap67,304(13,520areActivelyTraded)HighlightsStateoftheMarketTotalcryptomarketcapis$862.75B,whichisup+1.52%overthelastday.Thisvaluesallcryptoassetsat11.68%ofGoldx27;smarketcap.24hourglobalcryptovolumeis$203.32B,representinga+10.10%increase(24%ofthisvolume,or$48.11Bistransparentvolume).Bitcoindominanceis36%,whichrepresentsa+0.37%gainoverthelast24hours.ReadMoreBitcoin$16,369.37+1.14%🔥JustAdded1PrincipalCarbonCreditToken-0.06%2SupraDollarShare+0.55%TopGainers(Top100)1HuobiToken+12.86%2Chain+8.49%GlobalMarketCap(24hr)$862.75B+1.52%GlobalVol.(24hr)$203.32B+10.10%⚡️ActivelyTraded🔥New391☠️Deadcoins🏷NotPricedMarket DataCovereFreeCSV#NameMCapPricePrice1DChange7DPredictionMCapMarketCapVolumeTransparentVol.CirculatingSupply1DChartCSVData1Bitcoin BTC$314.62B$16,369.371.14%1.14%Unlock$314.62B$37.04B42%19,219,862BuyData2Ethereum ETH$147.72B$1,207.093.66%3.66%—$147.72B$14.54B34%122,373,866BuyData3Tether USDT$65.27B$0.-0.07%-0.07%—$65.27B$68.64B27%65,362,681,003BuyDataGetTheLatestCryptoPrices&NewsDeliveredStraightToYourInboxLearnMore→4BinanceCoin BNB$48.82B$299.001.36%1.36%—$48.82B$1.91B36%163,276,975BuyData5USDCoin USDC$43.91B$0.0.00%0.00%—$43.91B$3.95B72%43,954,107,140BuyData6BinanceUSD BUSD$22.35B$0.0.02%0.02%—$22.35B$9.49B83%22,370,281,484BuyData7XRP XRP$19.64B$0.2.53%2.53%—$19.64B$2.41B22%50,298,735,565BuyData8Dogecoin DOGE$13.94B$0.7.35%7.35%—$13.94B$3.21B29%137,098,396,384BuyData9Cardano ADA$10.41B$0.0.71%0.71%—$10.41B$847.52M10%33,812,191,021BuyData10Polygon MATIC$7.36B$0.1.27%1.27%—$7.36B$649.18M30%8,868,740,690BuyData11Polkadot DOT$6.18B$5.25541.88%1.88%—$6.18B$306.53M27%1,175,047,362BuyData12LiquidStakedEther STETH$5.68B$1,190.343.57%3.57%—$5.68B$19.68M94%4,771,553BuyData131Litecoin LTC$5.43B$75.675.57%5.57%—$5.43B$1.79B25%71,718,596BuyData141Dai DAI$5.28B$0.-0.02%-0.02%—$5.28B$256.27M37%5,281,596,167BuyData15OKB OKB$5.13B$20.400.08%0.08%—$5.13B$15.43M12%251,627,612BuyData16ShibaInu SHIB$5.09B$0.0.03%0.03%—$5.09B$161.63M48%562,594,760,268,764BuyData171TRON TRX$4.92B$0.1.02%1.02%—$4.92B$783.55M15%92,145,012,361BuyData181Solana SOL$4.89B$13.47-1.73%-1.73%—$4.89B$5.54B3%363,157,159BuyData19alanche AX$3.87B$12.470.99%0.99%—$3.87B$426.42M16%310,071,252BuyData203ChainLink LINK$3.71B$7.29667.23%7.23%—$3.71B$845.40M35%507,999,970BuyData21UNUSSEDLEO LEO$3.56B$3.81730.34%0.34%—$3.56B$2.92M89%933,171,411BuyData22WrappedBitcoin WBTC$3.53B$16,332.681.07%1.07%—$3.53B$92.09M71%215,871BuyData233HEX HEX$3.52B$0.-1.26%-1.26%—$3.52B$4.43M94%137,524,848,128BuyData24Cosmos ATOM$2.95B$10.073.12%3.12%—$2.95B$169.35M29%292,586,164BuyData25EthereumClassic ETC$2.69B$19.502.55%2.55%—$2.69B$242.74M14%138,180,551BuyData261UniswapProtocolToken UNI$2.57B$5.44844.04%4.04%—$2.57B$155.34M27%472,191,971BuyData271TheOpenNetwork TONCOIN$2.54B$1.7252-0.67%-0.67%—$2.54B$4.26M16%1,473,591,411BuyData28Monero XMR$2.51B$137.641.63%1.63%—$2.51B$209.50M17%18,207,040BuyData291Stellar XLM$2.27B$0.1.00%1.00%—$2.27B$81.11M26%25,704,865,489BuyData301RedPulsePhoenix PHX$2.20B$0.-3.41%-3.41%—$2.20B$41.51M100%3,386,665,894BuyData31BitcoinCash BCH$2.14B$111.032.04%2.04%—$2.14B$795.86M3%19,242,575BuyData32Algorand ALGO$1.69B$0.0.65%0.65%—$1.69B$80.99M30%7,115,751,646BuyData33Quant QNT$1.63B$112.021.19%1.19%—$1.63B$65.37M47%14,544,191BuyData34Cronos CRO$1.61B$0.1.64%1.64%—$1.61B$20.37M13%25,263,013,692BuyData351ApeCoin APE$1.48B$4.10205.53%5.53%—$1.48B$918.30M23%361,250,000BuyData364HuobiToken HT$1.45B$7.119212.86%12.86%—$1.45B$50.01M14%204,246,488BuyData372Optimism OP$1.45B$0.2.97%2.97%—$1.45B$4.46M81%1,635,899,643BuyData381Filecoin FIL$1.42B$4.32522.57%2.57%—$1.42B$167.22M37%327,571,988BuyData39VeChainThor VET$1.34B$0.1.21%1.21%—$1.34B$39.17M32%72,511,146,418BuyData401NearProtocol NEAR$1.33B$1.60064.10%4.10%—$1.33B$125.73M27%831,761,528BuyData413CryptoInternational CRI$1.33B$0.-0.15%-0.15%—$1.33B$316,0400%2,964,782,129BuyData42HederaHashgraph HBAR$1.21B$0.1.24%1.24%—$1.21B$25.12M43%24,738,223,528BuyData431Flow FLOW$1.13B$1.0953-0.70%-0.70%—$1.13B$28.41M69%1,036,200,000BuyData441Dfinity ICP$1.07B$3.90470.67%0.67%—$1.07B$33.74M47%274,294,354BuyData452EOS EOS$1.04B$0.1.33%1.33%—$1.04B$127.24M18%1,139,090,593BuyData463Frax FRAX$1.02B$0.-0.03%-0.03%—$1.02B$6.70M100%1,021,827,327BuyData471Elrond EGLD$1.01B$42.18-0.35%-0.35%—$1.01B$29.13M25%23,881,686BuyData482Chiliz CHZ$999.28M$0.-3.15%-3.15%—$999.28M$603.13M15%6,138,529,292BuyData49TerraLunaClassic LUNC$957.06M$0.1.97%1.97%—$957.06M$103.13M26%5,988,373,173,922BuyData50ThetaToken THETA$923.97M$0.0.59%0.59%—$923.97M$40.06M28%1,000,000,000BuyData511Tezos XTZ$892.19M$0.0.57%0.57%—$892.19M$25.62M36%910,120,046BuyData521TheSandbox SAND$873.94M$0.2.21%2.21%—$873.94M$169.79M48%1,556,657,026BuyData532Ae AE$867.26M$61.152.51%2.51%—$867.26M$108.15M26%14,183,608BuyData542LidoDAO LDO$859.16M$1.09723.26%3.26%—$859.16M$34.39M50%783,067,653BuyData551TrustWallet TWT$836.44M$2.0075-1.90%-1.90%—$836.44M$71.68M37%416,649,900BuyData561TrueUSD TUSD$806.91M$0.0.04%0.04%—$806.91M$21.18M2%807,784,328BuyData571BitcoinSV BSV$806.86M$41.941.65%1.65%—$806.86M$56.67M25%19,237,883BuyData583Chain XCN$798.28M$0.8.49%8.49%—$798.28M$18.85M27%18,362,618,548BuyData598PaxDollar USDP$790.34M$1.0004-0.14%-0.14%—$790.34M$2.01M63%790,056,096BuyData601EscoinToken ELG$772.50M$3.24610.16%0.16%—$772.50M$2.65M0%237,976,494BuyData611AxieInfinity AXS$761.74M$6.73923.58%3.58%—$761.74M$287.95M14%113,031,193BuyData6221inch 1INCH$759.32M$0.0.91%0.91%—$759.32M$38.03M43%1,471,459,568BuyData63USDD USDD$716.51M$0.-0.15%-0.15%—$716.51M$11.17M3%725,332,036BuyData64Decentraland MANA$711.80M$0.1.13%1.13%—$711.80M$89.34M40%1,815,707,933BuyData65KuCoinToken KCS$648.02M$6.6542-1.20%-1.20%—$648.02M$1.73M12%97,385,673BuyData661BitTorrentV2 BTT$644.08M$0.132.49%2.49%—$644.08M$13.64M22%945,326,125,000,000BuyData671Aptos APT$643.23M$4.67904.80%4.80%—$643.23M$336.66M50%137,471,701BuyData682Maker MKR$634.41M$648.92-0.79%-0.79%—$634.41M$33.05M26%977,631BuyData694PancakeSwap CAKE$622.04M$3.96021.89%1.89%—$622.04M$27.59M33%157,073,113BuyData701GeminiDollar GUSD$602.26M$1.00150.07%0.07%—$602.26M$947,06217%601,381,219BuyData711TokenizeXchange TKX$585.64M$7.32080.90%0.90%—$585.64M$17.92M<1%79,996,000BuyData721IOTA(MIOTA) IOT$577.64M$0.0.61%0.61%—$577.64M$7.28M42%2,779,530,283BuyData731CompoundUSDCoin CUSDC$571.72M$0.0.01%0.01%—$571.72M$731,9040%25,228,182,915BuyData74eCash XEC$556.18M$0.-0.62%-0.62%—$556.18M$6.04M27%19,238,704,673,303BuyData751Klaytn KLAY$549.43M$0.4.70%4.70%—$549.43M$58.37M18%3,023,282,035BuyData763Fantom FTM$542.83M$0.6.36%6.36%—$542.83M$518.62M63%2,541,152,731BuyData773ECOMI OMI$523.50M$0.00093.17%3.17%—$523.50M$2.57M2%581,910,045,187BuyData78Zcash ZEC$521.48M$40.011.87%1.87%—$521.48M$55.85M16%13,034,112BuyData794GatechainToken GT$520.35M$3.5793-0.83%-0.83%—$520.35M$565,56895%145,377,817BuyData803TIME(Wonderland) TIME$519.00M$9.98650.03%0.03%—$519.00M$7,99991%51,970,534BuyData81SynthetixNetworkToken SNX$509.45M$1.65761.24%1.24%—$509.45M$34.46M19%307,345,511BuyData82BTSEToken BTSE$494.41M$3.05081.11%1.11%—$494.41M$1,978N/A162,061,501BuyData83Osmosis OSMO$485.14M$0.0.37%0.37%—$485.14M$3.42M22%488,755,145BuyData84CompoundUSDT CUSDT$477.72M$0.0.04%0.04%—$477.72M$683,0290%21,691,221,853BuyData85PAXGold PAXG$474.49M$1,741.510.02%0.02%—$474.49M$14.57M30%272,461BuyData86NEO NEO$469.82M$6.66131.18%1.18%—$469.82M$40.23M30%70,530,000BuyData873Dash DASH$462.82M$41.976.18%6.18%—$462.82M$100.02M18%11,028,340BuyData881TheGraph GRT$460.79M$0.1.49%1.49%—$460.79M$54.15M61%7,400,273,157BuyData891Arwee AR$455.63M$9.09281.26%1.26%—$455.63M$51.01M21%50,108,502BuyData901CurveDAOToken CRV$447.40M$0.3.17%3.17%—$447.40M$110.65M28%674,740,035BuyData913CompoundEther CETH$429.31M$24.233.56%3.56%—$429.31M$2.08M<1%17,715,415BuyData921TetherGold XAUT$425.48M$1,725.921.03%1.03%—$425.48M$674,73741%246,524BuyData931MinaProtocol MINA$423.59M$0.-0.57%-0.57%—$423.59M$17.48M37%756,971,422BuyData945CompoundDai CDAI$421.83M$0.-0.02%-0.02%—$421.83M$20.47M<1%19,097,760,455BuyData951MBCash MBCASH$381.18M$53.682.97%2.97%—$381.18M$12.84M0%7,100,500BuyData962THORChain RUNE$366.83M$1.21995.99%5.99%—$366.83M$54.09M62%300,700,561BuyData972Nexo NEXO$365.67M$0.-3.14%-3.14%—$365.67M$4.91M62%560,000,010BuyData982EthereumNameService ENS$357.71M$13.324.13%4.13%—$357.71M$72.61M19%26,852,712BuyData99EthereumPoW ETHW$349.52M$3.25561.61%1.61%—$349.52M$30.03M3%107,358,751BuyData1003BitDAO BIT$347.07M$0.4.53%4.53%—$347.07M$8.84M14%1,152,422,143BuyDataFirstPrev1234...136NextLastAdvertiseHereFrequentlyAskedQuestionsWhatiscryptomarketcap?Marketcapitalizationisoneofthemostpopularmetricsinfinance.Itwasfirstintroducedinthestockmarketandhasbeenadaptedtothecryptoworldwhereitisusedtovaluecryptocurrencies.Cryptomarketcaphasitssupportersanditscritics.Supportersviewmarketcapasasimple,albeitincompletewaytorankcryptoassetprojects.Criticsinsistthatmarketcapisnotameasureofvaluebutacrudeexpressionofthepriceinvestorsarewillingtopay.Bothsidesmakevalidpoints.Cryptomarketcapiscalculatedbymultiplyingthecirculatingsupplyofacoinbyitscurrentprice.Forexample,ifadigitalcurrencyhas1,000tokensincirculation,andeachtokentradesat$100,themarketcapitalizationoftheprojectis$100,000.Aswithstocks,cryptocurrenciesareclassifiedintermsofmarketcap.Large-capcryptocurrencieshemarketcapsinexcessof$10billion,mid-capcryptocurrenciesrangebetween$1billionand$10billion,andsmall-capcryptocurrenciesareworthlessthan$1billion.Intheworldofstocks,thehigherthemarketcap,thesafertheinvestment.Intheworldofcryptocurrencies,ahighmarketcapislessmeaningful.Ifthemarketcapofacryptoassetishigh,itmeansthatittradesatahighprice,hasahighcirculatingsupply,orboth.Ifthemarketcapislow,itsignalsthatthepricepercoinislow,thereislittlecirculation,orboth.Thisisallthatmarketcapcanrevealaboutacryptocurrency.Nothingmore.Itcan’texpresswhethertokensareheldbyanetworkofsmallinvestorsorahandfulofwhales,itdoesn’tspeaktoliquidity,anditissilentonmaxsupply.Cryptomarketcapisasourceofcontroversy.Therearethosewhoclaimthatmarketcapreflectstheamountoffiatcurrencyinvestedinacryptoasset.Thisiswrong.Consideraninfluxofnewinvestorstoaprojectwithlowtradingvolume.Duetothemarket’slackofdepth,thesuddeninterestdramaticallydrivesupprices.Let’ssaythatthetokengoesup50%,fromamillion-dollarmarketcapto$1.5million.Doesthatmeanthattheinvestorspumpedin$500,000?Absolutelynot.Thenewmarketcapmerelyreflectsthepricethatthelastinvestorwaswillingtopay.Anotherexample:takeanewcryptocurrencywithacirculatingsupplyof100,000.Itgoeslive,andthefirstinvestorbuysatokenfor$5.Oncethattradeisexecuted,theprojectwillheamarketcapitalizationof$500,000.Yetonly\$5changedhands.Allthatsaid,whenconsideredwithotherindicators,cryptomarketcapcanbeuseful.It’squitecommontolookatmarketcapalongsidemetricsliketradingvolumeandliquidity.Tradingvolumereferstothenumberofcoinsbeingtradedacrosstheworld’scryptocurrencyexchanges.Liquiditymeasuresthedegreetowhichanassetcanbeboughtorsoldwithoutcausingamajorpricechange.Inmostcases,highvolumeandhighliquiditymeanahealthymarketthatisdifficulttomanipulate.Indeed,aclassicwaytomeasurethequalityofacryptocurrencyistocheckwhetheritstradingvolumeisequaltoorgreaterthanitsmarketcap.Cryptomarketcaphasmajordrawbacks,yetitremainsthego-toindicatorformanyinvestors,analysts,andcommentators.Thisisunfortunate.Atbest,marketcapcanserveasajumping-offpointforevaluatingacryptocurrency.Butitisonlytrulyhelpfulwhenusedintandemwithothermetricsliketradingvolume.Whydoescryptomarketcapmatter?Althoughmarketcapis,atbest,anincompleteindicatorofcryptoassetquality(moreonthathere),insomecases,itcanbeausefulstartingpointforanalyzinganinvestmentopportunity.Marketcaprevealsabitaboutacoin’scharacteristics.Forexample,highmarketcapcouldindicatethatacryptocurrencyisresistanttovolatility.Lowmarketcapindicatestheopposite,thatmajornewseventsorwhaleactivitycansignificantlyimpactprice.However,cryptomarketcapcanonlytakeyousofar.Togetastrongreadonvolatility,you’dhetocombinemarketcapwithothermetricslikemarketdepthortransactionvolume.Traditionally,stocksareanalyzedwithmetricssuchasprice-to-earnings(P/E)andearnings-per-share(EPS).Cryptoprojectsdon’tpublishfinancialstatements,butthereisstillaneedforcomparison.Overtime,thesimplicityofmarketcaphasmadeitthemostpopularwaytocomparecryptoassets.Forthisreasonalone,cryptomarketcapmatters.It’simportantbecausecryptoinvestors,exchanges,gregators,andprojectownersthinkit’simportant.Experiencedinvestorswillusuallyconsidermultipleindicators,buttherearesomewhobasetheirdecisionsexclusivelyonmarketcap.Cryptoexchangesusemarketcapasawaytodeterminewhichcoinstolist–coinswithhighercapsaremorelikelytomakeit.Exchangedatagregatorstendtorankprojectsbymarketcap.Thehigheranasset’smarketcap,themoreprominentlyitwillbefeaturedonthesite.Projectownerstakemarketcapseriouslyenoughtospendtimeandmoneymanipulatingthecirculatingsupplyorpriceoftheirtokens.Thisisjustonereasonwhycryptomarketcapisconsideredamisleadingorunreliableindicator.Tosummarize,cryptomarketcapmattersbecauseit’seasytounderstandandadecentstartingpointforanalyzingacryptoasset.It’salsoimportantbecausesomanyplayersconsiderittobeimportant.Asthecryptospacematures,bettertoolswillbedevelopedthatwillprovidemarketparticipantswithin-depth,actionableinformation.Whenthathappens,marketcapwilllikelyloseitsplaceastheleadingcryptoindicator.Whatisthecryptomarketcapall-timehigh?Asofthiswriting,theglobalcryptomarketcapall-timehighisjustover$3trillion($3,149,435,050,780USD).ThemarketreachedthislevelonNovember8,2021.HowcanIcalculateacryptocurrency’smarketcap?Cryptomarketcapiscalculatedthesamewayasstockmarketcap,bymultiplyingthecirculatingsupplyofanassetbyitspriceinfiatcurrency(e.g.USD,EUR,JPY).Thecalculationgetstrickierwhenanassetistradedainstanotherasset.Inacryptopair–let’ssayEthereum/BitcoinorETH/BTC–togetthepriceofETH,wewouldfirstdenominateBTCinfiat.Inordertounderstandmarketcap,it’simportanttoconsideritsconstituentparts–priceandcirculatingsupply.Pricedependsonwhomakesthecalculation.Thegeneralpriceiscalculatedasacompositeofspotpricesusedoncryptoexchanges.Forindexfunds,thecalculationisadjustedtoincludevariationintradingpairprices.Thepricethatyouseeononlinenewsgregators(Google,forexample)isusuallytheerepriceatwhichanassettradesonleadingexchanges.Inthecryptospace,theproblemofinadequatepricingiswell-known.Mostpricingindexissuersfailtodetailhowtheypriceinstrumentsorwheretheygettheirdata.AtNomics,westrivetosetthisright.Ourmethodologytakesthepriceatwhichaninstrumentlasttradedoneachexchange,weightedbythegeneraltradingvolumeoverthepast24hours.Moreonourmethodologyhere.Whenitcomestosupply,itisworthnotingthatthecalculationdependsentirelyonthetokenandthemechanicsofitsprotocol.AlthoughBitcoinhasafinitesupply(21million),mosttokensaredesignedwithadynamicsupplythatincreasesovertime.Whencalculatingthemarketcapofaparticularcryptoasset,itisthecirculatingsupplythatshouldbetakenintoaccount.Circulatingsupplyisthenumberoftokensthatarecurrentlyailableonthemarket.Circulatingsupplyisabettermetricthantotalsupplybecauseitexcludescoinsthatarereservedorlocked.WhatisBitcoin’smarketcap?Bitcoin(BTC)istheworld’sleadingcryptocurrencybymarketcap.Intermsofmarketcap,Bitcoinhasreachedheightsofover$1trillion.TofindBitcoinx27;smarketcap,locatethevalueinthe"marketcap"columnassociatedwiththeBitcoinrecordinthetableabove.Aswithothercryptoassets,Bitcoin’smarketcapisdeterminedbymultiplyingitscirculatingsupplybyitscurrentprice.Itisworthnotingthat,duetothefinitesupplyofBitcoin,atsomepoint,circulatingsupplyandtotalsupplywillbeequal.Atthattime,Bitcoin’smarketcapwillheonlyonedynamicdeterminant,theprice.Bitcoin’scurrentcirculatingsupplyhasalreadyreached85%ofthemaximumsupply,whichisfixedat21million.HowcanIfindlowmarketcapcryptocurrencies?Someinvestorsviewlowmarketcapassynonymouswithhighprofitpotential.Similartopennystocks(stockspricedbelow\$1),low-capcryptocurrenciesareoftenconsideredtobeundervalued.Thatiswhymanymarketparticipantsforcryptocurrencieswithlowmarketcaps.Theybelievethesecurrencieshemoreroomforpriceappreciation.Othersviewlowmarketcapcryptocurrenciesasground-flooropportunities.Whateverthereasoning,lowmarketcapcryptocurrenciesarepopularinvestments.Here’showtofindlowmarketcapcryptocurrenciesontheNomicsplatform:NigatetoNomics.com.Sortcryptocurrenciesbymarketcap.Movebeyondpe1toexplorelowmarketcapcryptocurrencies.Nomicslistscryptocurrencieswithmarketcapsaslowasafewhundreddollars.However,youshouldoidchoosinganinvestmentbymarketcapalone.Consideradditionalfactorssuchasrecentpricechanges,tradingvolume,circulatingsupply,andtransparentvolume,afeatureuniquetoNomicsthatshowsthepercenteoftradingvolumethatoccursonreputablecryptocurrencyexchanges.Formoreontransparentvolume,seehere.Howismarketcapcalculatedforstocks,andhowdoesthisdifferfromcryptomarketcapcalculations?Marketcapitalizationisoftenusedtoindicatethevalueofacompanyorstock.Itiscalculatedbymultiplyingthetotalnumberofsharesoutstandingbythepricepershare.Investorscalculatethevalueofacryptocurrencybymultiplyingitscirculatingsupplybyitscurrentprice.Thoughstockandcryptoinvestorsusethesameindicator,thecalculationdiffersinsomerespects.StockmarketcapcalculationTocalculatethemarketcapofacompany,multiplysharesoutstandingbythecurrentpricepershare.Let’stakeaminutetoexaminebothcomponentsoftheequation.Sharesoutstandingreflectsallstocksthatarecurrentlyheldbyshareholders.Itevenincludesrestrictedshares(heldbycorporatestaff)andshareblocks(heldbyinstitutionalinvestors).Price,ontheotherhand,isaffectedbyinternalfactorssuchasprofit,expectedprofit,andplansforgrowth.Howinvestorsperceivethesefactorsinfluencessupplyanddemandanddeterminesthepriceofastock.CryptomarketcapcalculationTofindthemarketcapofacryptocurrency,multiplycirculatingsupplybycurrentprice.Circulatingsupplyissimilartosharesoutstandingbutonlyincludestokensthatareailableinthemarket.Itexcludescoinsthatarereservedorlocked.Thepriceofacryptocurrencyisusuallycalculatedasanereofthespotpriceatwhichtheinstrumenttradesonleadingexchanges.Cryptocurrencypricinginthecontextofindexfundshappensinaslightlymoresophisticatedwayandisadjustedtoincludevariationintradingpairprices.ThedifferencesAlthoughmarketcapisusedtovaluebothcompaniesandcryptocurrencies,therearedifferencesinthewayitisapplied.Forinstance,sharesoutstandingtakesintoaccountallissuedshares,includingthoseheldbycorporateofficersandbiginvestors.Circulatingsupplyignoresreservedorlockedcoins.Asaresult,cryptomarketcaponlyincludesassetsthatareailablefortrading.Ifcryptomarketcapfollowedthesamelogicasstockmarketcap,itwouldbebasedontotalsupply.Afarmoreaccuratecalculationisachievedbyusingcirculatingsupply.Formoreontheconsofusingtotalsupply,seethenextquestionbelow.Anotherdifferenceispricingmechanics.Whilemoststockshefixedissuancemechanisms,inthecaseofcryptocurrencies,manyprotocolsaredesignedtoexpandcontinuously,thusinflatingtokensupplyovertime.Ingeneral,cryptomarketcapisn’tconsideredtobeasaccurateasstockmarketcap.Oneofthereasonsisthat,unlikethestockmarket,whereahighmarketcapindicatesasafeinvestment,intheworldofcryptocurrencies,highmarketcapdoesn’tnecessarilymeanthataninvestmentissecure.Anotherreasonisthefactthatcryptocurrencycomeswithcertainrisksthatdon’texistwithstocks.Tocompensate,onemustanalyzemarketcapinabroadercontext.Whataresomeproblemswithhowcryptomarketcapiscalculated,anэкономика: криптографическая рыночная стоимость - цена, историческая высота, диаграммаdwhatalternativesexist?Theoldest“modern”securitiesmarketintheworldistheAmsterdamStockExchange,whichwasfoundedin1602bytheDutchEastIndiaCompany.Thefirstcryptocurrency,Bitcoin,waslaunchedin2009.Thisgoestoshowhowyoungthecryptocurrencymarketiscomparedtothestockmarket,whichhashadcenturiestomature.Weoftenmakethemistakeofcopyingstockmarketmetricsandtryingtoshoehornthemintotheworldofcryptocurrencies.Soisthecasewithmarketcapitalization.Marketcapisappliedtobothstocksandcryptocurrencies,buttherearedifferencesinhowthemetricworksineachcase.Intheworldofstocks,marketcapcanrevealmuchaboutacompanyincludingcorporatepolicies(forexample,theissuanceorrepurchaseofshares),manementstyle,andoperationalscale.Itisoftenusedforitssimplicityandrelativeeffectivenessatassessingthequalityofastock.Whenitcomestocryptocurrencies,however,marketcapisnotausefulbasisformakinganinvestmentdecision.Infact,manyresearchersdescribecryptomarketcapasadeceivingindicatorthatisusedonlybecauseitissimple.Despiteallthat,marketcapcontinuestobeusedasaleadingindicatorofcryptoassetquality–evenbyexperiencedinvestors.Thisisamistake.ThepitfallsofcryptomarketcapStocksandtokensheverydifferentcharacteristics.Stocksrepresentownershipofacompanythatcreateseconomicandsocialvalue.Dependingonthetypeofstock,ownershipcanprovideashareholderwiththerighttoreceivedividends,vote,andparticipateinproceduresaimedatraisingliquidity.Tokensrepresentparticipationinanetworkthatmayormaynotgeneratevalue.TokensdonotguaranteeclaimsonprofitsorparticipationinsalesorICOs.Atoken’spriceisbasednotonreal-worldfactorsthatinfluencesupplyanddemandbutonspeculationaboutaproject’spotential.Thetruthis,whiledigitaltokensareanexcitingassetclass,theyarefundamentallydifferentthanstocks,andusingthesameindicatortoanalyzethemcanresultinfalseorunrepresentativeconclusions.Anotherproblemwithcryptomarketcapistokeninflation.Withstocks,thetotalsupplyisfixedandcanrarelybechanged.Theonlywaytochangeitisviaastocksplit.Whenitcomestotokens,however,anemissionschedulecanguaranteeaninstrument’scontinualinflation.Theincreaseincirculatingsupplythattakesplaceovertimeleadstoahighermarketcap.Butahighermarketcapdoesn’tnecessarilymeanthataprojectisdoingwell.Itcouldjustmeanthattherearemoretokensincirculation.Andvice-versa–alowermarketcapdoesn’tnecessarilymeanthataprojectisstruggling.Itmaysimplyindicatethattherearefewertokensincirculation.Cryptomarketcapwasinitiallycopiedfromthestockmarket.Althoughoneofthefactors,price,ispresentinbothcases,therewasaneedtofindacryptometricthatreplicatedtheroleofsharesoutstanding.Theoptionthatmostresembledsharesoutstandingwastotalsupply–allcoinsortokensthatcurrentlyexistandareeitherincirculationorlocked.Butthisopenedaloophole.Tokenownerscouldartificiallyinflatetheirmarketcapbypre-miningcoinsandlockingthemaway.Inresponse,totalsupplywasswappedforcirculatingsupply–allcoinsortokensthatareailablefortrading,excludingthosethatarereservedorlocked.Circulatingsupplywasintendedtomeasureliquidsupply.Thisraisednewcomplications,namelyhowtodefinewhichpartofsupplycouldbeconsideredliquid.Takelostcoins,forexample.Circulatingsupplyisincapableofjudgingwhichcoinsarelostforever.InthecaseofBitcoin(BTC),itisestimatedthatupto4millioncoinshebeenlost.Ifthesecoinsweretoberemovedfromcirculatingsupply,thecurrency’smarketcapwouldnosedive.Manycriticsofcirculatingsupplysuggestthatthemetrictendstooverestimatetherealsupplyonthemarketbyincludingtokensthataren’tactuallyailable.Perhapsthemostnotablepitfallofthecryptomarketcapcalculationisfoundinthemechanicsofthecryptocurrencymarket.Asthecryptomarkettendstobemorevolatilethanthestockmarket,anysignificantbuyorsellordercanleadtoamajorpricemovementthatwillaffectaproject’smarketcap.Thisiswhyweoftenuseametricknownasredemptionimpactscorewhichmeasuresthelikelihoodofalargeorderaffectingthepriceofacryptoasset.Ahighredemptionimpactscoreindicatesalessstablepricewhilealowscoreindicatesthatanassetcanmaintainarelativelystablepricethroughdynamicmarketactivity.Inreality,themajorityofcryptocurrencieshehighredemptionimpactscores.Anotherdrawbackofcryptomarketcapisthatitispronetomanipulation.MustafaAl-BassamfromUniversityCollegeLondondescribedacasewhere0.002ofthecoinFirstblood(1ST)wasboughtfor$140worthofEthereum(ETH).Thisledto1ST’spricebeingquotedat$69,000percoinandamarketcapof$163billion.Foramoment,1STwastheworld’ssecond-biggestcryptocurrency.Thisdemonstrateshoweasilymarketcapcanbemanipulatedwhenacoinhasmeertradingvolume.Thesameoccurswhenawhale,orlargeinvestorholdingasignificantpercenteofacryptocurrency,decidestodumpitallatonce.Thecryptocurrency’spriceplummets,followedbyitsmarketcap.Anotherwaytoillustratehowinefficientandevendeceivingmarketcapcanbeistoiminethatyouarelaunchingacryptocurrencyproject.Let’ssaythattheprojecthasatotaltokensupplyofonebillion.Ifyousellasinglecoinfor$1,yourprojectisnowworth$1billion.Yetanotherdownsidetocryptomarketcapisitsinabilitytomeasurethevalueofaproject.Cryptomarketcapmerelyrevealsthepricethatinvestorsarewillingtopay.Itdoesnotexpressvalue.Considerovernightpricegains.IfTron(TRX)suddenlyjumps20%,doesthatmeanthenetworkhasaddednewfeaturesorcreatedreal-worldvalueinanyway?Mostofthetime,theanswerisno.Generally,itjustmeansthatpeoplearewillingtopay20%morefortheasset.Onelastthingtobearinmindisthatmarketcapisareflectionofthelastpriceatwhichacryptoassettraded.Allprevioustradeswereexecutedatdifferentprices,andthereisnoguaranteethatthelastpricewillbethepriceatwhichthenexttradeexecutes.Infact,giventhevolatilityofcryptocurrencies,priceisunlikelytoremainthesameforverylong.CryptomarketcapalternativesSeveralalternativesheproventobebetterindicatorsofcryptoassetquality.Thefirstismarketcap’supgradedversion-fullydilutedmarketcap(FDMC),whichoptimizescirculatingsupplybynormalizingdisparitiesinemissionschedules.FDMCbasesmarketcapcalculationsonapointinthefuturewhenanasset’ssupplyiscomparabletothecurrentsupply.Thisnormalizesemissionschedulesbetweenassetstoprovideamoreevencomparison.However,FDMChasitsflaws.Themainoneisitsinabilitytodealwithprotocolsdesignedtoinflatesupplyinperpetuity.Thismeansthatnomatterhowdistantthepointintime,resultsmaystillbeskewed.AnotherpitfallofFDMCisitsassumptionthatpriceswillremainconstantregardlessofchangesinsupply.Realizedcapisanothermarketcapalternative.Itimprovesoncirculatingsupplybyexcludingcoinsthathebeenlostorneveractivated.Theindicatorreliesonunspenttransactionoutput(UTXO),whichisusedbynodestoconfirmthevalidityoftransactions:ifatransactionisn’tpresentinthedatabase,itisn’tconsideredvalid.UTXOhelpsoidtheproblemofdouble-spending,orthespendingofnonexistentcoins.ResearchersuseUTXOtoestimatethenumberofcoinslostovertime–inthecaseofBitcoin(BTC)–andcoinsthatwereneverclaimedoractivated–inthecaseofBitcoinCash(BCH).TheonlydownsidetorealizedcapisthatitstrugglestodifferentiatecoinsthatarelostentirelyfromcoinsthatareHODLedforthelonghaul.Thisleadsustooneofthemostpopularalternativestomarketcap,market-value-to-realized-value(MVRV),whichseekstodeterminehowover-orundervaluedaparticularassetisbyanalyzingwhereitisinitsmarketcycle.MVRViscalculatedbydividingmarketcapbyrealizedcap.Theconceptisthatmarketcaprevealsmarkethypewhilerealizedcapindicateswhetherlong-term,“serious”investorsheenteredthemarket.Theadditionofmarketcycleanalysisenhancesmarketcapandmakesitmoredynamic.Youcanlearnmoreaboutmarketcapalternativesinthefollowingessay.However,itisworthnotingthatcryptomarketcap,oranyofitsalternatives,representasinglewaytoevaluatethequalityofacryptoasset.Thereareotherindicatorsthatprovidestatisticaldataabouttheperformanceofcryptoassetsandcharacteristicsthatmightbedetrimentaltotheirlong-termhealth.Tofullyunderstandthem,wemustfirstlookatthestockmarket.Tofindtherealvalueofastock,analystscalculatethenetpresentvalueofacompany’sprojectedrevenuesordividends.Stockmarketanalystsrelyheilyonrelativevaluationmodelslikeprice-to-earnings(P/E),whichallowsthemtoperformafaircomparisonoftwoinstruments.Cryptocurrencyanalystsheattemptedtoadaptthisframeworkintometricssuchasnetwork-value-to-Metcalfe(NVM)andnetwork-value-to-transactions(NVT).BeforedelvingintoNVM,let’sdefineMetcalfe’sLaw.Thelawisusuallyappliedtoonlinenetworks,butitisalsoconsideredusefulintheworldofcryptocurrencies.Accordingtothelaw,themorepeoplewhouseanetwork,themoreutilityeachpersonderives.Thisalsoleadstoahighernetworkvalue.CryptocurrencyanalystsuseNVMtodeterminehowover-orundervaluedanassetmaybe.Thenextratio,NVT,focusesontransactionvolume.TheratioissimilartoP/Einthestockmarket,whereearningsactasaproxyforthevaluethateachshareholderreceives.Inplaceofearnings,NVTsubstitutesnetworktransactionsanddividesmarketcapbydailytransactionvolume.HighNVTindicatesthatanasset’smarketvaluesurpassesitsactualvalue.LowNVTindicatesanundervaluednetwork.NVTisn’taflawlessindicator.It’snotclearonwhichtransactionsshouldbeconsidered,andthefactthatthereareon-andoff-chaintransactionsincreasesthedifficultyofestimatingtotaltransactionvolume.Anotherwaytodeterminetheliquidityofanassetisthroughbuysupport,whichisthesumofbuyordersat10%distancefromthehighestbidprice.Buysupporthelpsexplainhowliquidaparticularassetisandhowmanybuyordersshouldbeexpected.Inadditiontofactorslikeprice,circulatingsupply,liquidity,andtradingvolume,anetwork’svaluecanalsobeconsideredintermsofsecurity,numberofactivecontributors,andpopularityonsocialmediaandTelegram.Hopefully,thisdemonstratesthatcryptomarketcapisanincompletemetricandthatinvestorswhorelyonitexclusivelydosoattheirperil.Althoughmarketcapisthemostpopularindicatorofcryptoassetvalue,itisinefficientatestimatingassetqualityandstrugglestoprovideactionabledata.Forthesereasons,cryptomarketcapshouldalwaysbebackedbyadditionalmarketmetrics.Howcanacryptocurrencyraiseitsmarketcap?Therearetwowaystoraisethemarketcapofacryptoproject.Thinkofthemasthe“artificial”wayandthe“natural”way.Or,inotherwords–the“bad”wayandthe“good”way.The“bad”wayexistsbecausemarketcapisaninefficientindicatorandpronetomanipulation.We’regoingtofocusonpositive(or“natural”)waystoraiseaproject’smarketcap.Wehealreadyexaminedthedrawbacksofmarketcap.Tosummarize,itpresentsinvestorswithapriceratherthanavalue.Whileahigherpricedoesn’tnecessarilyindicateahighervalue,ahigherreal-worldvaluecanincreasethepriceofatoken.Thismeansthatifyouwanttoraisethepriceofacryptocurrency,focusonincreasingthevalueofthenetwork.Thefirststepistoattractasmanyactiveusersaspossible.Thebiggerthenetwork,themorestableandattractiveitis.VitalikButerin,thefounderofEthereum(ETH),listedseveralcharacteristicsthatincreasethevalueofanetwork:Security–Largernetworksrequireconsensusfrommorenodes,whichmeansmoreresilienceainsthackers.Usability–Merchantadoptionmeansbetterusabilityandmoreconvenienceforconsumers.Andviceversa.Themoreconsumersthatuseaparticularnetwork,themoreattractiveitistomerchants.Integration–Platformswithmoreusersarealsomoreattractivetothird-partyserviceorproductproviders.Themoreintegrationsanetworkhas,themorefunctionalitis.Marketdepth–Biggernetworksusuallyhegreatertradingdepthonexchanges,allowinguserstoconvertlargerquantitiesofacryptocurrencywithoutsignificantlyaffectingitsprice.Reasonablefees–Usersprefercryptocurrencieswithnoorlowfees.Themoreusersacryptocurrencyhas,themorecounterpartiesthereare,whichnaturallydrivesdowntransactionfees.Buthowdoesanetworkreachapointwhereitattractsnewusersonaregularbasis?Beforeanetworkattractsuserscontinuouslyandnaturally,itmustmeetcertainprerequisites.Let’stakealook.Real-worldusecasesForacointobevaluable,itmustheastrongusecase.Aprotocolmustsolveareal-worldproblem.Itcouldtackleamarketpainpointorprovidevaluetoinvestorsintheformofutilityrightsorasamediumofexchangeonaplatform.Whenacoinhasaprovenusecase,thereisanincentiveforinvestorstobuy,hold,orspendit.ConsiderEthereum.Forsomeonetodevelopapplicationsonthenetwork,heorsheneedsgas,whichcomesfromtheplatform’scurrency,ETH.Themoredevelopersthereare,thebiggerthedemandforETH,andthehigheritspэкономика: криптографическая рыночная стоимость - цена, историческая высота, диаграммаricegoes.Theresult:ahighernetworkvalueandahighermarketcap.Theaimofeachcryptocurrencyismassadoption.Thatsaid,hingreal-worldapplicationsremainsadifficulttaskformostcryptoprojects.Itisalongandcomplicatedjourney,butitistherightpathtofollow.__Acointhatisn’tdesignedwithausecaseinmindismerelyatoolforspeculators,withoutanyfundamentalvalue.ScarcityInsomecases,scarcitycanresultinincreasedvalue.Themorerareanasset,themoreexpensiveitbecomes.ThisiscertainlythecasewithBitcoin(BTC).Itsfixedsupplymeansthatitsprotocolcannotcontinuouslyissuenewtokens,andmanyexpertsbelievethatthecloserwegettothemomentwhenallcoinsaremined,thehigherthepricewillrise.Thisprincipleisvalidmostlyforcoinswithreal-worldusecases.Alargenumberofcoinsaredesignedwithcontinuouslyexpandingprotocols.Althoughthisleadstoahighermarketcap,itdoesn’treallyaddvalue.Meanwhile,otherprojectsheanintegrated“burning”mechanismtodestroyaportionoftheirsupplyandincreasethepriceofeachcoin.Scarcityisausefultoolforprojectownerswhowishtocontrolthemarketcapoftheirtokens,butitshouldbeusedappropriately.ListingsonexchangesAnotherwaytoboostmarketcapistogetlistedonasmanyreputablecryptoexchangesaspossible.However,gettinglistedonexchangescannotbethefinalgoal.Manyhepoliciestodelisttokensthataren’tregularlytraded.Therefore,it’svitalforprojectstowaituntilthey’vegainedsomepopularityandbuiltaninitialuserbase.Projectsthatarelistedonleadingexchangesareusuallyconsideredmorereputableandfinditeasiertoattractinvestors.Thisthenleadstohigherliquidity,which,combinedwithahighermarketcap,canturnacryptoassetintoapreferredinvestmentopportunity.Formoreinformationonhowtogetlistedonanexchangeandremainsuccessfulafterward,checkourCryptocurrencyExchangesFAQ.AclearroadmapProjectsthathitroadmapmilestonesontimeheahigherperceivedvalue.Aproject’sopennesstoinnovationandpartnershipswithproventhird-partyserviceproviderscanalsoraisecredibilityintheeyesofinvestors.Backingfromwell-knowncompaniesmeansmoretransparencyandamorenaturalpathforprojectstoestablishthemselvesonthemarket.LoyalfollowersProjectsthatheastableorincreasingbaseoffollowersaremoreattractivetoinvestors:thehigherthenumberofactivecontributors,themoreprogressiveanetworkwillbecome.Thinkofitlikethesnowballeffect–themorepeoplethereareonanetwork,themorewillbeinterestedinjoining.Onewaytogaugeanetwork’snumberofusersisitsnodecount.Nodecountrevealshowmanyactivewalletsexistonanetwork.Thehigherthenumber,thestrongerthenetworkis.Thisiswhymanyinvestorsuseamarketcap/nodecountratiotodeterminewhetheracryptocurrencyisunder-oroverbought.However,ahighnodecountoralargecommunityisnotenough.Projectsmustalsolistentotheirusers,whocanspotpointsoffrictionorrecommendfeaturesthatworkwellonothernetworks.Thetruthis,themarket–oruserbehior–cantellaprojecteverythingitneedstoknow.AreputationfortransparencyThereisnothingmoreharmfultoacryptocurrencythanabadreputation.Manyprojectsdoomthemselvesbydwellingintheshadows,whereit’simpossibletoearnuserorinvestortrust.Therehealsobeenseveralcasesofprojectsusingwhitepaperscopiedfromotherprojectswithoutchanginganythingbuttheorganizationandtokenname.Althoughsomeinvestorswillfallforaboguswhitepaper,itisusuallyarecipefordisaster.Investorsalsotendtooidtokensthatheahistoryofsecuritybreachesorprotocolissues.Thoughthisisn’ttosaythataprojectcan’tsurviveahack.Infact,ifaprojectshowsthatitovercameasecurityissueandbouncedbackstronger,itwillreflectpositivelyonthelong-termvisionoftheprojectandthequalityoftheteambehindit.Insummary,toraisethevalueandmarketcapofacryptoasset,oneshoulddiscloseeverythingabouttheproject(owners’backgrounds,roadmap,futureplans,risks,etc.)andbeastransparentaspossible.MarketingInrecentyears,themarketingofcryptoassetprojectshasbecomeincreasinglyimportant.Competitionforcesprojectstocontinuouslyimprovetheirmarketingcommunicationsandadoptdifferentchannelstodiscovernewaudiencemembers.Marketingdoesn’tstoponceaprojectgoesliveorgetslistedonanexchange.Ifaprojecthasauniqueusecase,there’sachancethatwordwillspreadorganically.However,inmostcases,projectsshouldspendatleastsomemoneyonmarketingandPR.Howbigcanthecryptocurrencymarketcapget?Todeterminethemaximumcryptocurrencymarketcap,weneedmaxvaluesforpriceandcirculatingsupply.Generallyspeaking,thepriceofacryptocurrencyisdeterminedbysupplyanddemand.Unfortunately,demandisalmostimpossibletopredict.Forexample,inthecaseofBitcoin(BTC),wecan’tbesureatwhatpriceitwilltradewhenitreachesitsmaximumsupplyof21million.Itcouldbe$50,000or$500,000.Dependingonoutsidefactors,suchasabanoncryptocurrencies,itmayevendropbelowitscurrentprice.Estimatingthemaximumcirculatingsupplyofallcryptocurrenciescanalsobedifficult.Whilesomeprotocolsdeclareafixedsupply,othersaredesignedtocontinuouslyissuenewtokens.Duetotheseunpredictabledynamicsandthefactthatnewcryptocurrenciesaredevelopeddaily,itbecomesquitehardtopredicthowmuchcryptocurrencywillbeincirculationatanypointinthefuture.Thatsaid,todeterminethemaximumcryptocurrencymarketcap,onewouldhetofindthemaximumcirculatingsupplyofallailablecryptocurrenciesthenmultiplythatbythepricesofthosecurrencieswhentheirrespectivecirculatingsuppliesareattheirmaximums.Let’sseewhatsomeofthefield’sleadingfiguressay.ChangpengZhao(CZ),thefounderofBinance,hassaidthatheseescryptocurrenciessurpassingamarketcapof$200trillion.VitalikButerin,co-founderofEthereum(ETH),believestherex27;sroomforgrowth,butthatit’sunlikelythecryptocurrencymarketreachessuchlevels.Who’sright?Althoughwecan’tknowforsure,wecanmakesomeassumptionsbasedonpresentinformationandexpertprojections.Ifthecryptomarketcapreaches$200trillion,itwillmeanthatcryptocurrenciesrepresentthemajorityoftheworld’swealth.Forthistooccur,theworldfinancialsystemwouldhetoundergoaparadigmaticshift.Banksandhigh-net-worthindividualswouldhetodropcurrentinvestmentsandstoresofvalueinforofcryptocurrencies.Fornow,thisseemsunlikely.AsurveybytheWorldEconomicForumconcludedthatin2027,10%oftheworld’sGDPwillbeheldindigitalassets.AccordingtostatisticsfromtheWorldBank,globalGDPwasapproximately$85.8trillionin2018.Long-termGDPforecastsprojecta2027GDPof$126trillion.Iftheaboveestimatesarecorrect,in2027,$12.6trillionoftheworld’sGDPwillbestoredincryptoassets.ThesefiguresarefarfromCZ’s$200trillion.Togetabroaderperspective,let’stakealookattheworld’smoneysupplyandthewayitisdiversified.In2017,theplanet’snarrowmoney(coins,banknotes,andcheckingaccounts)wasworthabout$36.8trillion.Moreonthathere.AccordingtodatafromtheWorldBank,the2018marketcapitalizationforalllisteddomesticcompanieswas$68.6trillion.Thismeansthatexplosivegrowthwillberequiredforthemarketcapofcryptocurrenciestorivalthemarketcapofcheckingaccountsorstocks.Intheory,theonlycheckonthecryptocurrencymarketcapistheworld’smoneysupply.However,atleastinthenear-term,it’sunlikelythecryptomarketcapexceedsevenafewtrilliondollars.Howcancryptoassetswithlowtradingvolumeshehighmarketcaps?Marketcapitalizationisapopularindicator,butitdoesn’ttellthewholestory.Rankingcryptocurrenciessolelybymarketcapignorescrucialstatisticalinformationandfailstoinforminvestorsaboutpopularity,liquidity,andotherimportantfactors.Investorswhobasetheirdecisionsexclusivelyonmarketcapoftenendupdisappointed.Investorswouldbebetteroffanalyzingthetimeneededforacryptoassettotradeitsmarketcapequivalent.Theruleofthumbisthatifacryptocurrencygeneratestradingvolumethatisequaltoorhigherthanitsmarketcap,itishealthyandstable.Investorscangetinandoutofpositionsquicklyandlockintradesatpreferredprices.Monthlytradingvolumeforsomeofthemorepopularcryptocurrenciesissimilartotheirrespectivemarketcaps.Thisindicatesstabilityandbalancedinterestfrommarketparticipants.Buthowmightacoinwithlowtradingvolumegetahighmarketcap?Itoftenoccurswhenacryptocurrency’ssupplyishigh,buttherearen’tmanycoinsincirculation.Thiscouldbeduetolong-termHODLerswhoaren’tactivelybuyingandselling.Adisadvanteofinvestinginlow-volumecryptoassetsistheirinabilitytosupportbigtrades.Asingletradecouldmovealow-volumecryptocurrencysignificantly.Thismakessuchassetsunattractivetolargeinvestorswhowouldstruggletoexecutemajortradeswithoutexperiencingslippe.Howcanacryptocurrencyartificiallyboostitsmarketcap?Inapreviousanswer,wecoveredthedrawbacksofrelyingonmarketcapwhenmakingcryptocurrencyinvestmentdecisions.Wedemonstratedjusthoweasyitistomanipulatemarketcap.Inrecentyears,thecryptocurrencyspacehasmadestridestowardslegitimacy,butsystemicabuseremains.Oneofthemostcommonwaystheecosystemismanipulatedisviaartificialinflationofprojectmarketcaps.Herearefivepracticesthattokenissuersadopttomanipulatetheirmarketcaps:1.SupplymanipulationCryptomarketcapiscalculatedbymultiplyingthepriceofacoinbyitscirculatingsupply.Thismeansthatbyinfluencingcirculatingsupply,atokenownercanaffectthemarketcapitalizationofhisorherproject.Theeasiestwaytodothatisbybuildingfrequenttokenemissionsintotheprotocol.Otherprojectownersadoptthestrategyofreleasingamassiveinitialissue.Ifanewcryptocurrencycanissueamilliontokensandsellthefirstonefor$1,themarketcapoftheprojectbecomes$1million.SowasthecasewithU.CASH(UCASH),Dentacoin(DCN),andseveralotherprojects.Anotherwaytomanipulatesupplyisbyairdroppingcoinsintouserwallets.2.FaketradingvolumeThisisthemostcommonmeansofmanipulatingacryptocurrency’smarketcap.Overthepastfewyears,severalstudiesheconcludedthatsometokenownerssendfakevolumetoexchangestomaketheirprojectsappearmoreattractivetoinvestors.Highervolumeindicatesgreaterinterestinaprojectandmoreliquidity,whichmeansthatinvestorscanenterandexitpositionsattheirpreferredprices.Atokenwithhigherreportedvolumeisalsomorelikelytobelistedtowardsthetopofanexchange’srankings,whereitwillbemorevisibletoinvestors.ThiscansparkFOMO,or“fearofmissingout.”3.PricemanipulationAnotherwaytomanipulatecryptoassetpricesisviaso-called“pump-and-dump”schemes.Theseschemesaren’talwaysengineeredbytokenowners.Sometimestheperpetratorisaninvestorinterestedinartificiallyboostingthepriceofacoin.Inapump-and-dumpscheme,amarketparticipantsendsahighvolumeofbuyorderstocreatetheimpressionthatthereisinterestinaproject.Thisgeneratesrealinterest,andthepricejumps.Atthatpoint,theinitialbuyerssell–ordump.Unliketraditionalpump-and-dumpschemes,inacryptoassetpump-and-dump,thepricemayfall,butitdoesn’tnecessarilycrash.Afterall,therearesomenaturalbuyers.Justtobesurethatthepricedoesn’tcrash,fraudstersmaydumpinwes.Ratherthansellallatonce,theysellsteadily.Thisresultsina“bottom-fishing”situationwhereotherswonderwhetherthepricedropismerelytemporary.They’remotivatedtobuyandendupsupportingtheprice.Allofthisresultsinanartificialpriceincreasethatsimultaneouslydrivesupmarketcap.Thistypeofpricemanipulationisusuallyappliedtolowmarketcapandlow-volumecryptoassets,although,dependingonthescale,itcanworkinmoredevelopedmarketsaswell.Tolearnmoreaboutpump-and-dumpschemesandtheirapplicationtothecryptocurrencyworld,seethiscomprehensivestudy.4.FakerecommendationsandmisinformationManyprojectspayreviewsitesforpositivereviewsandrecommendations.Anunsuspectingaudiencecanbeeasilymanipulated.Thedisseminationoffalseinformationoftenhappensduring“pumping”phaseswhenthecommunitybehindaprojectendeorstoattractasmanyinvestorsaspossible.Totrickothersintobuyingtheircoin,acommunitymighttryfakenewsstories,fakepartnerships,orevenforgedendorsementsfromprominentpublicfigures.Forexample,agroupcreatedafakeTwitteraccountthatresembledonebelongingtothelateJohnMcAfee.Theaccount’snamewasmadetolookliketherealone,@officialmcafee,onlyitincludedanextra“l”.Thefakeaccountpostedpositivetweetsaboutanaltcoin,GenesisVision(GVT),andsupportedthosestatementsinachatroom.Thetweetwassharedthousandsoftimes,andthepriceofthecoinjumped50%.5.HypeSomeprojectownersusebotsandfakeaccountstogeneratebuzzonsocialmedia.Buzzattractsinvestors.Moreinvestorsmeanahigherpriceandahighermarketcap.Analystshedevelopedmetricstoevaluatewhetheraprojectisbeingunreasonablyhypedonsocialmedia.Oneofthemostpopularindicatorsisthehype-to-activityratio.Itmeasuresthenumberoftweetsaboutacryptoassetpermilliondollarsoftradingvolume.Theratiouses30-dayeresforbothtweetsandtradingvolume.Inmostcases,overhypedprojectsareindeedusingbotsorfakeprofiles.Hypecanalsocomefromtheorganizedeffortsofaproject’scommunity.InvestorsmayjoinforcesonTelegramtohypeaprojectandincreaseitsprice.StudiesheshownthatTelegramandDiscordgroupsarecapableofboostingpricesasmuchas950%.Thatsaid,mostinvestorsareabletoseethesehype-drivenpumpsforwhattheyare.Howcanacryptocurrencyartificiallyinflateitstradingvolume?Faketradingvolumeisoneofcryptocurrency’smostwell-knownproblems.Numerousreportshecomeout(Bitwise,CryptoIntegrity,TheBlock,SylvainRibes,andothers)whichconfirmthatabubblewascreatedbytokenownersandexacerbatedbyexchangesandexchangedatagregators.Studiesconcludethatmorethan80%oftradingvolumeisfake.Thetruthisthatartificiallyinflatingtradingvolumeisprofitableandeasy.Fromaprojectowner’spointofview,inflatingvolumemakestheirprojectmoreappealingtoinvestors.Hightradingvolumeisasignofliquidity,whichallowstraderstoenterandexitpositionsquickly.It’salsoindicativeofstability,orlowvolatility.Highvolumesignalsthatamarketishealthyandworthinvestingin.Forthesamereasons,highertradingvolumeenablesanexchangetochargehigherlistingfees.ItalsogeneratestrafficfromgregatorsandhelpsexchangesattractIEOs.Tradingvolumedoesn’tgrowontrees,butitisrelativelyeasyforprojectownerstomanipulate.Fromthere,thecontionspreadstoexchangesandmarketdatagregators.Whatarecommonwaystofaketradingvolume?Themostcommonmethod,tickerstuffing,isdetailedbyNomicsCEOClayCollinsintheshortvideo,“HowCryptocurrencyExchangesSpamCoinMarketCap(WithFakeVolume).”Anexchangesimplychangesthevolumenumber.It’sthateasy.Atoken’stradingvolumecangrowfrommillionstobillionsinthesecondittakestotypethreezeros.There’snoneedtomodifytradesorcandles.Allonehastodoisadjustthenumber.Thereareotherwaysaswell.Coindeskhasfoundthattherearecompaniesofferingtofakevolumeforafee.TheseoutfitsprogrambotstobuyandsellatokencontinuouslyuntiltradingvolumeissufficientlyinflatedtoearnarankingonCoinMarketCapandotherexchangegregatorsites.Thispracticeisalsoknownas“washtrading”.Mostofthetime,washtradingisengedinbyexchanges,butitcanbedonebytokenownersaswell.Someexchangesencouretheircustomerstowashtradeforthem.Theseexchangescompensatewashtraderswithtokensordiscountedfees.Foraprojectowner,anexchangemightalsooffertocutthelistingfee.Inmanycases,whenanexchangeandaprojectownerconspiretoartificiallyboosttradingvolume,it’sawin-winforbothsides–atleastintheshort-term.Otherexchangeskeepitsimpleandcounteachtradetwice.If,forexample,Bitcoin(BTC)istradedainstEthereum(ETH),theexchangewouldrecordtwotransactions–abuyandasell.HowcanIrecognizefakevolume?Mostexchangegregatorspostdatadirectlyfromtokenprojectsorcryptoexchanges.Oftentimes,thisdatacontainsfakevolume.Mostofthetime,ifyouuseangregator,you’llhetoperformindependentresearchtoverifythereportedinformation.AtNomics,wetakeadifferentapproach.WeprovidevisitorsandAPIuserswithTransparentVolume,theportionoftradingvolumethatcomesfromexchangesthathereceivedanA+,A,orA-TransparencyRating.Thesehighly-ratedexchangesareconsideredtobetransparentbecausetheyheprovidedNomicswithhigh-granularitytradedata,includingfullhistoriesforeachtradingpair.Inotherwords,withtransparentvolume,yougetamuchmorerealisticrepresentationthatexcludeswashtradingandotherformsoftoxicvolume.Foreachcryptoassetlistedonourhomepe,TransparentVolumeislocatedbetweenVolumeandCirculatingSupply.Formostassets,TransparentVolumerangesbetween20%and70%.However,therearesomeassetswithvaluesaslowas5%.Thisgoestoshowthelevelofmanipulationthatexistsinthecryptocurrencymarket.Whatisthetotalcryptomarketcap?Thetotalcryptomarketcapisthesumofthemarketcapsofallactivelytradedcryptocurrencies.Tofindthetotalcryptocurrencymarketcap,visitNomics.com,andlookfortheGlobalMarketCapcard.Itx27;satthetopofthepe,rightunderthetitleTopCryptocurrenciesbyMarketCap.WhichcryptocurrencyshouldIbuy?Thisisacommonquestionandanunderstandableonegiventhattherearethousandsofactivelytradedcryptocurrencies.Thevarietyofinvestmentopportunitiescanresultinanalysisparalysis.Youshouldchooseprojectswithhistory,acleargoal,transparentvolume,anactivecommunity,andongoingdevelopment.Thesecharacteristicsindicateahealthyprojectwithpotential.It’salsoimportanttoconsideryourrisktolerance.Youcouldchooseaprojectthatisalreadylistedandactivelytraded,suchasBitcoin(BTC)orEthereum(ETH),oryoucouldgowithahigh-risk,high-rewardICO.Let’sstartwithlistedandactivelytradedcryptocurrencies.Thesecurrenciesareoftenregardedasmoresecurethannewprojects.Theyhetrackrecordsandenoughtradingvolumetobeconsideredliquid.Ifyouchoosetoinvestinaleadingcoin,followthenewsforregulatorydevelopments,policiesthatmayeaseorpreventmainstreamadoption,andindustryshifts.Ifyouhetheskills,youcanalsoincludetechnicalanalysis.Thatway,you’llheawell-roundedstrategythatminimizesrisk.WhetheryourgoalistoHODLforyearsortospeculateonshort-termpricefluctuations,establishedcryptoassetscanbeanexcellentchoice.ThenthereareinvestorswhodreamofdiscoveringthenextBitcoinorEthereum.Thesefolkstendtolookatpre-launchprojectsandICOswithhighgrowthpotential.Whenconsideringearly-steopportunities,it’simportanttobewareprojectsthatpromiseexorbitantreturns.Manyprojectsthatmakebigpromisesarenotreallydesignedtosucceedintherealworld.They’resolelyfocusedonseparatingnoviceinvestorsfromtheirmoney.Whateveryourrisktolerance,beforemakinganinvestmentdecision,itisessentialtodeterminewhichtypeofcryptoassetyou’reconsidering.Therearefivemaincategories:UtilitytokensAlsoknownasapptokens,utilitytokensheanapplicationandvalueontheirissuingplatforms.Investorswhopurchaseutilitytokensbelieveintheprojectwithwhichthey’reassociatedandwanttobuyinbeforethepricegoesup.Bearinmindthatthetotalsupplyofutilitytokensisusuallyfixed.SecuritytokensSometimesreferredtoas“digitalshares”,securityorequitytokensaretokenizedslicesofsecuritiesinwhichholdersheownershiprights.Securitytokenscanalsoprovideholderswiththerighttoreceivedividends.Formoreonsecuritytokens,checkoutourthree-partaudiodocumentary,TokenizetheWorld.AssettokensAssettokensaredigitalrepresentationsofphysicalassetslikegoldandsilver.They’repopularbecausetheyprovideinvestorswithaneasywaytobuypreciousmetalsandothercommodities.Thepriceofanassettokenistiedtothepriceofanunderlyingphysicalasset.CurrenciesCurrenciesarethemostcommoncryptoassettype.Astheirnamesuggests,theyserveasaformofpayment.Bitcoin(BTC)isthemostprominentexample.RewardtokensRewardtokenshenovalueontheopenmarket.They’resimplyusedtogamifyplatformengementbyrewardinguseorloyalty.Mostrewardtokenscanonlybespentontheirissuingplatform.We’vecoveredthetypesoftokensaprojectcanissue.Nowlet’scoversometipsthatwillmakeyouabettercryptoinvestor.Toincreaseyouroddsofchoosingsoundcryptoassetprojects,considereachopportunityintermsofthefollowingcharacteristics:1.PhilosophyandstatedgoalsInmostcases,ICOsareideasthatneedmoneytoberealized.AnICOisrarelyafunctioningproduct.Ifyoudecidetoinvestinanearly-steproject,understandthatyou’resupportingaconcept,notsomethingthathasbeenproven.ThisisnottosaythatinvestinginanICOisfoolhardy.Injustfivedays,theEOS(EOS)ICOraisedover\$180millionwithoutaworkingproduct.Fromthere,thepriceofthetokenskyrocketedmorethan450%.WhatthismeansisthatyoushouldjudgeanICOonitsfundamentalsratherthanitstrackrecordintherealworld.Thinkaboutthephilosophyonwhichtheprojectisbuiltaswellasitsstatedgoals.Bitcoinwaslaunchedasanalternativetotraditionalmoney.Ethereumwasdesignedtobeaworldcomputerfordecentralizedapplications.Themostimportantfactorwhenselectingacryptoassetprojectisthephilosophyandstatedgoalsofitsfounder(s)orteam.Thegoalshouldbeambitiousbutrealistic.Thecryptocurrencyspaceisfilledwithprojectsthatpromisetotransformtheworldforthebetter,butmostattemptstoreorganizetheglobalfinancialsystemorabolishpovertyorhungerwillfail.Itisvitaltodistinguishhypefromanideawithareal-worldusecase.Projectsthatareambitiousintermsofthetechnologythey’redevelopingorwhichhopetorefineanexistingconcepthethebestchancesofdisruptingthestatusquoandmeetingwithsuccess.Thatsaid,it’sworthkeepinginmindthatthelikelihoodoffindingaunicorninthecrowdedcryptocurrencyspaceisnotashighasitoncewas.Lookforprojectsthatseektoaddfunctionality,accelerateprocesses,orotherwiseaddressaspecificpainpoint.Cryptoassetprojectswithclearlydefinedgoalsarethemostlikelytogeneratelong-termvalue.It’salsoimportanttoconsiderthetechnologythatpowersaproject.Launchingatokenrequiresablockchain.ManyofferingslaunchonEthereum(ETH)orBinanceSmartChain(BNB).OtherprojectslikeCardano(ADA)createanewblockchainfromscratch.Startingfromsquareonemayyieldterrificlong-termresults,buttheprocessisslow,costly,anddifficulttoexecute.2.AwhitepaperUnfortunately,thereareprojectsintheCryptospherethataredesignedtoscamwould-beinvestorsoutoftheirmoney.Thosewhodon’tdotheirownresearchriskbecomingvictims.IfyoushyawayfromestablishedcoinslikeBitcoinandEthereumandforprojectsthatflyundertheradar,alwaysbesuretoreadthewhitepaper.Seriousprojectswritedetailedwhitepapers.Tokenswithvuewhitepapersorwhitepapersthathebeencopiedandpastedfromotherprojectsshouldbeoided.Agoodwhitepaperanswersallofyourquestions.Itcoverstheprojectgoal,thefounder’sbackground,thedevelopmentteam,andtheroadmap.Agoodwhitepaperalsocoversthelegalframeworkthatexistsbetweenthedevelopmentteamandinvestors.Additionally,itshouldanswerquestionsrelatedtotokendistributionsuchaswhenandhowholdersreceivetokensandtheamountoffundingrequiredforeachphaseofthedistributionprocess.Aboveall,aproject’swhitepapershouldexplainwhyitneedsatoken.Ifthatquestiongoesunanswered,stayaway.Theremustbeareasonforissuingatoken.Ifthereasonisn’tclear,thentheprojectmaylackareal-worldusecase.It’salsoimportanttoknowhowraisedfundswillbestored.Iffundsarenotsecuredbysmartcontractoranescrowaccount,thenyourmoneywillbeatrisk.Beyondthat,it’swisetofamiliarizeyourselfwiththecompanybehindthecoin.Doestheteamincludeexperiencedsoftwaredevelopers?DoestheCEOheatrackrecord?Whoaretheproject’sadvisors?Iftheadvisoryteamseemstoogoodtobetrue,itmaybe.ShadyprojectshefalselylistedA-listadvisors.Ifyouseethataprominentfigurehassignedontoadvise,researchwhetherthatpersonisreallyassociatedwiththeproject.Anyinformationregardingtheteamandadvisorsshouldbefrontandcenterinawhitepaper.Ifit’snot,regarditasaredfl.Ifyouareconsideringinvestinginanestablishedcoin,checkwhetherithasstayedtruetoitswhitepaperandroadmap.Ifithasn’t,youmightwanttosteerclear.3.TradinghistoryForestablished,activelytradedcryptocurrencies,it’simportanttoconsidertradinghistory.EvenifyouintendtoHODL,it’sbesttochooseacryptocurrencythatisactivelytradedandliquid.Wheninvestorsknowtheycanenterandexitpositionswithoutslippe,they’remorelikelytoinvest.Thisbodeswellforpriceappreciation.Tooidfaketradingvolume,usemetricslikeTransparentVolume.It’salsoimportanttoanalyzepricemovement.Cryptoassetsthatconstantlyexperiencewildpricefluctuationsmaybetargetsofpump-and-dumpschemesorothermanipulativetradingpractices.4.StrongcommunityLookforcryptoassetprojectswithsupportive,activecommunities.MostprojectshepublicTelegramorSlackchannelswhereyoucancommunicatewithcommunityorteammembers.There’susuallyinformationonRedditandTwitteraswell.Wheninteractingwithmembersofacryptocommunity,besuretotakeeverythingwithagrainofsalt.Opinionsmaybebiasedandfewcommunitymemberswillhethetechnicalexpertisetoproperlyjudgeorcommunicateaproject’sprosandcons.Keepinmindthatsomeprojects,eventhosewithlargecommunities,relyonpaidPRtoboostinvestorinterest.Takehypeforwhatitis,andalwaysdoyourownresearch.It’salsoworthnotingthatprojectswithcleargoalsandreal-worldusecasestendtomarketthemselvestheleast.Theygiveinterviews,periodicallyreleaseannouncements,andmaintainasocialmediapresence,buttheydon’tpaypeopletohype.5.AcompetitiveedgePayattentiontothecompetition.Youmayhefoundaprojectthatpromisestocreatereal-worldvalueforthousandsormillionsofusers,butwhatifthere’sanotherteamwiththesamegoalinmind?Inacrowdedmarket,theslightestedgeintimetomarketoruserexperiencecanmakeahugedifference.WhenevaluatinganICO,considerwhereaprojectisinitsdevelopment.Sometokenslaunchwithlittlemorethanawhitepaperandaprayer.Otheэкономика: криптографическая рыночная стоимость - цена, историческая высота, диаграммаrshebetaversionsonthemarketandareactivelycollectinguserfeedback.Inrarecases,thereisaworkingproduct.Thoughitcanbeprofitabletoinvestinveryearly-steICOs,it’ssafesttochooseaprojectthateitherhasaworkingproductorisclosetoreleasingone.Aworkingproductmeansthatdevelopmentisatanadvancedste,whichsignalsthattheideasbehindtheprojecthebeentested,ifnotinthewildthenundercircumstancesthatcloselymimictherealworld.Ifthereisacompetitorproject,considerwheretheyareintheirdevelopment.Ifthey’reclosertoaworkingproduct,theycouldseizeasignificantportionofthemarketwhileclaimingfirst-moveradvante.Anotherthingtolookforiswhetheraprojectisbackedbyventurecapital.IfVCssupportaproject,itsignalsthatithasasoundbusinessphilosophy,goodleadership,andareal-worldapplication.Venturecapitalcanalsobringcredibilitytoaproject,whichattractsotherinvestorsanddrivesuptheprice.Don’tforgettocheckwhethertopVCsbackthecompetition.Iftheydo,itmayindicatethatacompetitorislessrisky,possiblybecauseithasastrongerbusinessplanoramoreexperiencedCEOordevteam.Whenevaluatingacryptoasset,it’svitaltounderstandwhattypeofprojectitis.Welistedfivecategories:utilitytokens,securitytokens,assettokens,currencies,andrewardtokens.Wethendiscussedthecharacteristicsofgoodcryptoassetprojects:asoundbusinessphilosophy,adetailedwhitepaper,liquidity(ifit’sanestablished,activelytradedcoin),anactivecommunity,andacompetitiveedge.Intheend,ifacryptoassetprojectwantsyourmoney,it’sonthemtomakethecase.Aprojectthat’sworthyourtimeandmoneywillbetransparentabouttheirgoalsandoperations.Whatdoes‘Nomics’mean?Nomics-asineconomics.ThewordcomesfromAncientGreek:"nomics”,orνόμος(nómos,“law”).Ithaslongbeenusedincombinationwithotherwordstoformtermsthatdescribethelawsorrulesofadiscipline(e.g.Reanomics,ergonomics,genomics).HowdoIlistacryptoassetonNomics.com?Justfilloutthetypeform.AdvertiseHereMadewith❤inMinnesotaandMassachusettsMarketActivityAssetsExchangesCurrencyConverterWatchlistProductsAdvertisePricingMarketDataAPIWhiteLabelAPIforExchangesServicesContactSalesFeatureRequestStatusPeProductUpdatesResourcesAPIDocsBlogNewsletterForumsExchangeIntegrationVerifiedExchangeProgramMarketDataQuizNomicsx27;WebinarWebinarArchiveCompanyAboutManifestoCareersContactContactUsAPIKey©2022Nomics™|AllRightsReservedUpdatetrackingpreferencesTerms|Privacy

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